Ghana National College   Registered Members:  11  View
School profile created by: Nicolas Dassah (Wednesday, July 23, 2008)
Last Edited by:
Basic School Information
School Colours(colors): maroune and white
School Nick Name: nashnal
Year of Establishment: 1948
Student Population: 1500
j.j mensah-kane
siwdu maccarthy
afadu royal
faustina daniels
charllote bart plange
elsie dadzie
new house1
elizabeth wardbrew
twidan royal house
Orientation: Mixed
Location: cape coast
Mailing Address
Address: 161
cape coast
Phones/Facility/Head of Institution
Phone(s): 042 32357
Bording/Day: Both
Current Head: Robert koomson-Barnes
Brief School History
On Friday 16th July 1948, when agitations for self-government in the then Gold Coast had gathered high momentum, a new secondary school was established in Cape Coast. It was christened GHANA NATIONAL COLLEGE. Significantly enough, nine years later on 6th March, 1957 when the Gold Coast achieved independence, the country was renamed GHANA.
The significance of naming the college and the nation all after the ancient Sudanese empire GHANA should not be lost on anyone who attempts to chronicle the history of education in the immediate post independence era in Ghana. The ancient GHANA EMPIRE was powerful, prosperous, and famous and Dr. Nkrumah intended to make the new independent Ghana powerful, prosperous, and famous just like the ancient Sudanese Kingdom and succeeded in doing exactly that until he was overthrown, Ghana was the shining star of Africa and played a major role in the attainment of independence by the other African states. The establishment of GHANA NATIONAL COLLEGE in 1948, nine long years before Ghana itself came into being and before Dr. Nkrumah assumed the reigns of power as Prime Minister, is a clear manifestation of Dr. Nkrumah’s great vision.

Dr. Nkrumah had planned to turn Ghana into an industrial giant within the shortest possible time. To succeed with this plan, he knew he had to develop the human resources in the country.
It must be put on record that GHANA NATIONAL COLLEGE was a model school set up by Dr. Nkrumah to achieve this goal. Immediately after achieving independence, Dr. Nkrumah established the GHANA EDUCATIONAL TRUST through which scores of secondary schools were set up all over Ghana.
Dr. Nkrumah's profound interest in education stemmed from the fact that he himself was a great academician and therefore knew the benefits of education as a tool for national development.
Dr. Nkrumah attended Achimota College under the inspirational tutelage of the celebrated Dr. Kwegyir Aggrey who had studied in the U.S.A. and had come to teach at Achimota College as an educator and a Pastor. The latters famous dictum was the harmonious relationship between the black and white keys.
Strongly influenced by Dr. Aggrey's educational accomplishment, Dr. Nkrumah went to the U.S.A. and studied for 10 years. In 1945 Dr. Nkrumah left New York for Britain where together with George Padmore, Jomo Kenyatta and Johnson of Sierra Leone helped organized the very successful 5th Pan African Conference in Manchester, in October 1945 under the presidency of Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois. Dr. Nkrumah served as a secretary at the West African Secretariat in London where he organized the coloured workers in Britain to seek their dignity. November 1947 marked a great watershed in Dr. Nkrumah's political career. He was invited by the leaders of the UGCC to come to the Gold Coast to work as General Secretary for the party.A short while after arriving in the Gold Coast,Dr. Nkrumah found out that the leading members of the UGCC were very slow in acting,stylistic and too aristocratic and that their attittude to
many issues was completely at variance with his mode of behaviour and the exigencies of the time.
Dr. Nkrumah was an action man. To Dr. Nkrumah the time was ripe for positive action for immediate self-government. He preached the injustices of the colonial rule and called for SELF-GOVT NOW. This stance found so much favour with the youth and the general masses of people in the colony. Little wonder, three months after his arrival in the Gold Coast, that the housewives of Accra demonstrated massively against the high prices of household goods.
The Ex-Servicemen who had survived the 2nd World war and returned home, expected some concrete provision for the disabled who had come home with them, and for the dependents of their colleagues who had died in the war while fighting to defeat racism. They expected that the freedom they had helped win for the white would be granted to their country too. But the Ex-Servicemen's Welfare March to the Governor on 28th February, 1948 was met with the Christianborg shooting and disturbances which Dr. Nkrumah really regretted; but the events were deliberately blamed on him by the Colonial Government as an excuse for getting him. Blaming the disturbances on Dr. Nkrumah as Secretary of the UGCC, the then Gold Coast Governor, Sir Gerald Creasy ordered the arrest of six leaders of the UGCC: Dr. Nkrumah, Dr. J. B. Danquah, Mr. Edward Akuffo-Addo, Mr William Ofori-Atta, Mr Obetsebi Lamptey, and Mr. Ako Adjei. They were detained in unnamed separate places. To attract the attention of the Governor and elders of the Gold Coast to the general dissatisfaction of the people of Gold Coast with the arrest of the leaders, students from Mfantsipirn, Adisadel and St. Augustines college planned to stage peaceful internal demonstrations.
On Monday 15th March, 1948, some teachers of St. Augustine's College, Cape Coast
got hint of the planned demonstration by that school and Mfantipim School against the arrest of the UGCC leaders. Early in the morning, 15th March,1948, one teacher was sent by bicycle from St. Augustine’s College to a teacher at Mfantsipim to say that the students’ protest should be stopped to allow the teachers time to resort to a non –violent means. But it appears this message went to Mfantsipim too late. The demonstration started at 7.00 am that day and continued till 26th March, 1948 when th